Einsatzgruppen: The German Death Squads

| German

This documentary series examines the Einsatzgruppen, Nazis responsible for the mass murder of Jews, Romani and Soviet prisoners in Eastern Europe. The Einsatzgruppen of the Security Police and the SD were ideologically trained special units, some mobile, some stationary, which the Reichsführer SS Heinrich Himmler had set up and deployed on behalf of Adolf Hitler for mass murders during the invasion of Poland in 1939, during the 1941 Balkan campaign in 1941, and above all in the war against the Soviet Union in 1941-1945. From September 1939, the Einsatzgruppen murdered, with the knowledge of the Wehrmacht, at least 60,000 members of state elites in Poland, including about 7,000 Jews, as well as thousands of mentally ill people. From June 1941 to 1943, at least 600,000 people fell victim to the Einsatzgruppen in the Soviet Union, according to other estimates up to one and a half million.